were the first people to live in this country. They came
from "Kalbanja" of India. These people were worshipping
to different types of things like sun, moon, stars and
other things. These people came and first lived in Isduva
of Isduvammathi. These people named "duva" to any island,
which they started to live and found. The leader of these
people was known as Sawamia. They thought that this is
an "agent" of God. There is no way to find which was the
language they used and when did they come to this country.
But that is understood that these people came here before
the establishment of the kingdom of "Malik Aashooq" [King
The third emperor of India's Mauryan dynasty and
the first powerful monarch to embrace Buddhism.
Asoka was born in about 304 BC and came to the throne
in 270 BC after a short power struggle in which
at least one of his brothers was killed. In 260
BC his armies attacked Kalinga (modern Orissa) in
an attempt to expand the already huge Mauryan empire.
The campaign was militarily successful but it lead
to horrific losses of both civilian and military
lives and, moved by remorse, Asoka decided to renounce
war forever. He converted to Buddhism and launched
a campaign to bring about a moral, spiritual and
social renewal within his empire. The administrative
and judicial systems were reformed, useful public
works were initiated, the previously aggressive
foreign policy was replaced by one of peaceful co-existence
and wildlife reserves were established
R. Mookeyi, Asoka. Delhi, 1962; S. Dhammika,
The Edicts of King Asoka. Kandy, 1993.
skins were having the color of "zaithoon"
[olive] and they were medium in height.
Dheyvis, different people came to this country. Like Redin,
Kunibeen, Aryas and different other people. All these
people came after Dheyvis. Redin and Kunibees were of
same origin. Kunibeen came after Redin. When Kunibeen
came the language of Redin had been mixed with the language
of Dheyvis. But their origin also was from "Mahrast" [Greater
Kingdom, roughly the modern state of Maharastra]
of India, which was the origin of Redin as well.
also came to this country from India. But they were really
not Indian origins. They came to India from some other
place. Aryas came here about three centuries before the
establishment of the kingdom "Malik Aashooq". Then Dheyvis'
language mixed with the languages of all these new comers.
Now the mixed race is known as Dheevis. And a new religion
was also introduced. They were known as Hindus. Then this
country was named as "Dheeva Maari". Even though all these
changes came to the religion and language of Dheyvis,
there was a sound of them, which still was preserved.
That was a letter pronounced between the letter "r" and
"sh". And that was "rha" [shaviyani
or more correctly, rhaviyani. I have been rendering shaviyani
as "rh" throughout this site in recognition
of this. I plan to upload an article that I have written
on rhaviyani and another lost consonant, ndaviyani- Majid].
of this country was populated by some other "qabeela"
[tribe]. Their skin color
was black. They came from south of India. They named the
islands, which they started to live, as "Varam". Like
"Nolhivaram", "Kuruhinnavaram" and "Giraavaram".
found "Suvadinmathi". But the people who came from Sarandiva
[Sri Lanka, known as Olhudu in Divehi]
settled there and later corrupted its Dheyvis characters.
After their arrival Dheyvis letter "rha" disappeared and
they started to use "sh" instead of that letter.
Dheyvis came and settled here and started live. They were
not practicing a kingdom. Their ruler was their religious
leader. He was named Sawamia. A short period of time after
the Hindus came here; a prince of India came to Dheeva
Maari. That was the son of King Brahamaadittiya, King
of Kalinja. King Sri Brahamaadittiya became angry with
this son of him and sent him to Dheeva Maari.
established a kingdom in Dheeva Maari as the kingdom of
Adeetta Vansa. His name was Sri Soorudasaruna Adeettiya.
This was the first king of Dheevis of Dheeva Maari known
in the history. He established the kingdom of Adeetta
Vansa a short period before the establishment of the kingdom
of "Malik Aashooq".
Aashooq established his kingdom in "Bataal Bootra fil
Hind". His people went preaching Buddhism to Bairat. A
group of people came here from Bairat to teach the religion
and writings of Buddha. These people came here a very
very short while after the establishment of the kingdom
of Malik Aashooq. Then Dheeva Maari was known as Dheeva
of Adeetta Vansa [Solar Dynasty]
was in power until the Kingdom of Soma Vansa
[Lunar Dynasty] was established. Origin of Soma
Vansa also was from Kalinja, the origin of Adeetta Vansa
as well. This kingdom was established by a son of a king
of Soma Vansa ruled in Kalinja at that time. That was
about one and half centuries before Dheeva Mahal converted
to Islam. The first king of Soma Vansa was Sri Balaadeettiya.
His wife Queen Damahaar was the last ruler of Adeetta
Vansa. So really only the name of the dynasty changed
to Soma Vansa but the rulers were related to both Soma
Vansa and Adeetta Vansa. It is because the rulers, who
became kings after Sri Balaadeettiya were all descendents
of Queen Damahaar, last ruler of Adeetta Vansa.
the beginning of Soma Vansa kingdom Indian king Raja Dada
invaded north of Dheeva Mahal and took the control of
most northern two atolls of Dheeva Mahal, Malikatholhu
and Thiladunmathi. The latest five kings of Soma Vansa
before the event of Islam were Sri Loakaabarana, (his
son) Sri Maha Sandura, followed by his brother Sri Bovana
Aananda. He came to the throne after his brother Sri Maha
Sandura had passed away.
daughter of Sri Maha Sandura was Kamanhaar, some times
written as Kamanaar and Rehendihaar was banished to the
island of "Is Midu". She took Maapanansa in which
the history of the Kings of Adeetta Vansa was written.
Muhaddith Hasan has written in his book that he read the
whole Maapanansa, which was written in Copper. He also
writes that he buried all the parts of Maapanansa. After
Sri Bovana Aananda his son Sri Mahaabarana Adeettiya came
to throne. This King defeated the Indians who were controlling
Malikatholhu and Thiladunmathi the most northern two atolls.
The Indians were from the same group as Raja Dada who
first took the control of these two atolls. And he was
then named as the ruler of 14 atolls and two thousand
islands. And his "Dheeva Mahal" was Malikaddu dhemedhu
[between Minicoy and Addu].
atolls' names were as follows: -